Saturday, March 13, 2010

good companions.

calendula & pentunia

It is the time of year for seed catalog browsing and ordering. I had my orders in a few weeks earlier this year (finally!) to get rolling on that seed starting so that we could have an early spring garden.

But, with all the veggie eye candy in those catalogs don't forget to look at the flowers and herbs. So many plants make great companions. They attract good bugs, repel bad bugs, trick and trap pesky bugs from your food, smell nice, make your beds look more attractive, and just generally make your garden a wonderland and not just a block of rows. Of course some flowers are edible too - another good incentive to plant them in every nook and cranny you can find. And companion planting is also about garden health - certain plants just do better next to each other, one providing a little boost of something the other needs to really flourish.

calendula & borage

I'm by no means an expert, but I do grow my garden organically and rely on companion planting for all the above reasons. I also have very limited space and a garden that is fully visible from the street. My garden has to be integrated into my landscaping seamlessly while still optimizing what little space and sun I have! I plant fruit, vegetables, flowers, bushes, and herbs all together. No rows or square plots here! Looks are important when I have neighbors only feet away. I will admit that my garden is a wild luscious jungle by August but it is beautiful and productive...and we don't use any chemicals. Only water, kelp, eggshells, mulch, coffee grounds, water from our rain barrel (as long as we can), and whatever other natural goodies we can find to help it along or address specific issues.

mint flowering & wasp

I have many favorite flowers and herbs for companion planting. Here are just a few!

Attracts good bugs. What are good bugs? Bees, hover flies, wasps, ladybugs, butterflies...I know, you think you don't want bees or wasps! I have kids! I have found that if I have a yard full of good plants & a water source (bird bath) that we do not get stung (we also don't wear bright colored clothes in the garden anymore, just earth tones). Years ago we would get stung constantly. Now we don't. Really. I am happy to have them come - they pollinate the fruit and vegetables and many eat the bad bugs. We need them and we enjoy watching them work busily on those sunny summer mornings.

A few good ones (there are more, these are easy to find and pretty) :: angelica, anise, borage, caraway, german chamomile, dill, chervil, fennel, lovage, nasturtiums, parsley, tansy, bee balm, goldenrod, purple coneflower, yarrow, calendula, cosmos, marigolds, sunflowers, asyssum

borage

Repels bad bugs. To repel, the plants generally have a scent that hides the scent of the vegetables the 'bad' bugs want to ravage. A few that I like :: basil, borage, calendula, chives, garlic, hyssop, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onions, parsley, radishes, sage, savory, tansy, thyme

I like choosing plants that multi-task. :) Herbs which are great to eat but also a good companion plant. Flowers that are good at repelling bad bugs but are also tasty on a salad. And lots of color so that everything looks lovely all summer long.

If so many options seem overwhelming, I have a few favorites.

marigolds next to soap wort

Marigolds seem to really work on keeping the rabbits out, and we seem to have less insect damage. I line all of my beds, throughout the entire yard, with marigolds spaced on the edge. They are easy to find in any nursery too, and very affordable.

nasturtiums

Nasturtiums are the same - they look so nice, the bees love them, and they grow so easily from seed. There are many colors to choose from - and they spread great. The flowers also add a nice peppery flavor to salads.

sunflower

Sunflowers are always a great addition - bees love them, and they are pretty for so long. There are so many varieties of sunflowers - from short to massive, from traditional yellow to streaked red.

So when planning your garden don't forget to scatter some of these great plants throughout your veggies to keep your garden healthier and more beautiful!


If you want to read more about companion planting or get into the details of specific companion combinations, a few good books with more detailed and extensive information::

Great Garden Companions: A Companion-Planting System for a Beautiful, Chemical-Free Vegetable Garden, by Sally Jean Cunningham

Carrots Love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening, by Louise Riotte

10 comments:

MamaAngel said...

I LOVE the garden companions book. I have turned so many friends on to that one! I posted about it on my blog last year as one of my "must have" gardening books.

I also bought "Fresh Food in Small Spaces" on your recommendation, I like it! I can't wait to try some of the fermentation and sprouting projects.

hahamommy said...

::squeee:: Gardening! yay!

Dawn said...

Good stuff, we are dying over here....yearning for a space that we can garden in. Soon, really soon!! Beautiful photos~ :)

Astrid said...

Hooray for gardening! I've been doing lots of companion plantings the past few years. I've got lots of marigolds, bee balm, borage and nasturium in my veggie garden. It also makes my garden look pretty. This year I plan to add calendula.

Maiz said...

This is great! I just came in from digging and planting in the last little moments of twilight, and was happy to see this bit of inspiration. I'm all for flowering up my veggie patch, and always enjoy photos of your gorgeous garden.

RunninL8 said...

Oh, we love our good bugs! Time to start thinking about flower gardens just for them!

Annie said...

A wonderful post, Denise! Thank you!

Dawn said...

There is a whole lot of garden goodness in this post... I love borage... so beautiful and fun to eat!
Thanks for the book rec. I will have to check that out!
Happy gardening!

Cam said...

Sweet Synchronicity!

I was just speaking with a girlfriend of mine today about these very subjects. I will be doing mostly container gardening, probably growing mostly herbs, tomatoes, and peppers, while she is planting in a raised bed.

And, I have plans to do plenty of U-Pick when it comes to harvesting season at local farms this year. I just discovered a blueberry farm isn't far away. SCORE!

Good luck, and happy planting!

likeschocolate said...

Happy planting. It looks like your boys had a wonderful time in that resort. How fun@